We have demonstrated that all three hydrogenases are expressed under standard growth conditions of the organism. Marina iannello, anne volbeda, christine cavazza and vincent artero, hydrogenase enzymes. Ironsulfur clusters are versatile electron transfer cofactors, ubiquitous in metalloenzymes such as hydrogenases. The reduction of molecular oxygen to water is catalyzed by complicated membranebound metalloenzymes containing variable numbers of subunits, called cytochrome c oxidases or quinol oxidases. Nife hydrogenases from the hyperthermophilic bacterium. Ralstonia eutropha or aquifex aeolicus are reversibly inhibited by.
The structure is composed of 2 rossmann domains and 1 attachment. Pdf aquifex aeolicus membrane hydrogenase for hydrogen. Direct electrical connection of this enzyme was already shown on graphite, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanoparticles and carbon nanofibers cnfs 3537. In the oxygentolerant hydrogenase i from aquifex aeolicus such electron wires form a relay to a diheme cytb, an integral part of a respiration pathway for the reduction of o 2 to water.
Two of these three enzymes one membranebound and one soluble have been puri. A membranebound multienzyme, hydrogenoxidizing, and. Immobilization of the hyperthermophilic hydrogenase from aquifex aeolicus bacterium onto gold and carbon nanotube electrodes for efficient h2 oxidation. Metabolic evolution of a deepbranching hyperthermophilic. The oxygentolerant hydrogenase i from aquifex aeolicus.
The enzyme seems to keep intracellular o2 levels low and thus protects many anaerobic enzymes from damage. Characterization of a unique fes cluster in the electron. Gan j1, wu y, prabakaran p, gu y, li y, andrykovitch m, liu h, gong y, yan h, ji x. Hydrogenases hases are enzymes that catalyze the reversible. The aquifex hydrogenases are thermostable and tolerant to oxygen. In order to enhance the enzyme stability and the catalytic efficiency, we investigated the hydrogen oxidation process with hydrogenase i embedded in a physiologicallike environment. Aquifex aeolicus membrane hydrogenase for hydrogen biooxidation. Read nife hydrogenases from the hyperthermophilic bacterium aquifex aeolicus. Stetter at the aeolic islands north of sicily, italy, whereas a. A membranebound multienzyme, hydrogenoxidizing, and sulfur. The complete genome of the hyperthermophilic bacterium.
In the oxygen tolerant hydrogenase i from aquifex aeolicus such electron wires form a relay. Aquifex aeolicus membrane hydrogenase for hydrogen. Genes potentially coding for three distinct nife hydrogenases are present in the genome of aquifex aeolicus. These enzymes are used either to split hydrogen gas for use as energy, or to create hydrogen gas as a product of their reaction. Aquifex aeolicus is a hyperthermophilic, chemolithoautotrophic. Hydrogenase definition is an enzyme of various microorganisms that promotes the formation and utilization of gaseous hydrogen. Two of these three enzymes one membranebound and one soluble have been purified and characterized. Role of lipids and physiological partners in enzyme stability and activity. Lightinduced reactivation of o2tolerant membranebound. In nifehydrogenases, co and cn are coordinated to the fe in the nife dinuclear cluster of the active center. At the top is a nickeliron hydrogenase pdb entry 2frv, in the center is an ironiron hydrogenase pdb entry 1feh, and at the bottom is an iron hydrogenase pdb entry 3dag and 3f47. Hydrogen bioelectrooxidation on gold nanoparticlebased. The membranebound hydrogenase hase i of the hyperthermophilic bacterium aquifex aeolicus belongs to an. It also contains genes potentially coding for three distinct nife hydrogenases, however, it is thought that the aquifex hydrogenases i and ii function in energy conservation, where as hydrogenase iii is more likely required for co2 fixation.
Hydrogen metabolism in the hyperthermophilic bacterium. The membranebound hydrogenase hase i of the hyperthermophilic bacterium aquifex aeolicus belongs to an intriguing class of redox enzymes that show enhanced thermostability and oxygen tolerance. Binding stoichiometry of a recombinant selenophosphate synthetase with one synonymic substitution e197d to a fluorescent nucleotide analog of atp, tnpatp. Crystal structure of hypx from aquifex aeolicus in complex with tetrahydrofolic acid. Structural and biochemical analyses of shikimate dehydrogenase aroe from aquifex aeolicus. Vkm1 implied that the conformational changes in the enzyme molecule. The weak, fluctuating, dipole moment of membranebound.
We previously described the cytochrome c oxidase ii from the hyperthermophilic bacterium aquifex aeolicus as a ba 3type twosubunit subunits i and ii enzyme and showed. Hydrogenases are subclassified into three different types based on the active site metal content. New ironsulfur clusters help hydrogenases tolerate oxygen. Aquifex aeolicus is a deepbranching hyperthermophilic chemoautotrophic bacterium restricted to hydrothermal vents and hot springs. Aquifex aeolicus is a microaerophilic, hydrogenoxidizing, hyperthermophilic bacterium containing three nife hydrogenases. Relation between anaerobic inactivation and oxygen. Cyanobacterial hydrogenases and hydrogen metabolism. Aquifex aeolicus is a microaerophilic, hydrogenoxidizing, hyperthermophilic bacterium containing three. Extrapolation suggests that 1 mole of hydrogenase could produce enough hydrogen to fill the airship graf zeppelin in ten minutes, or the main liquidhydrogen tank of the space shuttle in two hours this fanciful calculation assumes a sufficient supply of reductant. The nife hydrogenase hase i involved in the aerobic respiration of the hyperthermophilic bacterium aquifex aeolicus shows.
The present work is focused on the study of two distinct types of enzymes. Protein film electrochemistry is employed here to portray the interaction of hase i with molecular oxygen and obtain an overall picture of the catalytic activity. Hydrogenase i from the hyperthermophilic bacterium aquifex aeolicus is a good candidate for biotechnological devices thanks to its ability to oxidize hydrogen at high temperature, even in. It can grow on hydrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and mineral salts. Spectroscopic characterization of the key catalytic. It has been estimated that 99% of all organisms utilize dihydrogen, h 2. A periplasmically oriented hydrogenase was obtained in two forms, i. Auqifex has an effect of pressure on catalytic properties of glutamate racemase from aquifex pyrophilus. Over the last few decades, cyanobacteria have been surveyed for hydrogen production. Freigegeben zeitschriftenartikel spectroscopic characterization of the key catalytic intermediate nic in the o 2tolerant nife hydrogenase i from aquifex aeolicus.
Immobilization of the hyperthermophilic hydrogenase from. Aquifex aeolicus how is aquifex aeolicus abbreviated. Hydrogenase i from the hyperthermophilic bacterium aquifex aeolicus is a good candidate for biotechnological devices thanks to its ability to oxidize hydrogen at high temperature, even in the presence of oxygen and co. Several accessory proteins are required for the assembly of the metal centers in hydrogenases. Nife hydrogenases from aquifex aeolicus aahase and desulfovibrio fructosovorans dfhase have been mainly studied to characterize physiological electron transfer processes, or to develop biotechnological devices such as biofuel cells. In the oxygentolerant hydrogenase i from aquifex aeolicus such electron wires form a relay to a diheme cytb, an integral part of a respiration pathway for the reduction of o2 to water.
Though these diatomic ligands are biosynthesized enzymatically, detail mechanisms of their biosynthesis remain unclear. The electrochemistry of membranebound nife hydrogenase i nifehase i from the hyperthermophilic bacterium aquifex aeolicus was investigated at gold and graphite electrodes. These characteristics make it an excellent model system for studying the early evolution of metabolism. Hyperthermostable and oxygen resistant hydrogenases.
The o 2tolerant membranebound nife hydrogenases mbhs have been well characterized from the marine bacterium hydrogenovibrio marinus hm, the kanallgas bacterium ralstonia eutropha h16 re, the hyperthermophilic bacterium aquifex aeolicus aa and the enterobacterium escherichia coli ec. Hydrogenase definition of hydrogenase by merriamwebster. Aquifex aeolicus was one of the earliest diverging, and is one of the most thermophilic, bacteria known. Membranebound hydrogenase i from the hyperthermophilic. The nife hydrogenase hase i involved in the aerobic respiration of the hyperthermophilic bacterium aquifex aeolicus shows increased oxygen tolerance and thermostability and can form very stable films on pyrolytic graphite electrodes. Aquifex aeolicus is a microaerophilic, hyperthermophilic bacterium containing three nife hydrogenases.
Regarding to the data received by the group for aquifex aeolicus that sps is a dimer 21, the second suggestion might be more appropriate. Two hydrogenases were further purified to homogeneity. The oxygentolerant hydrogenase i from aquifex aeolicus weakly. Deepbranching bacteria of the genus aquifex, such as aquifex pyrophilus and aquifex aeolicus, can grow at 95 degrees c. Nife hydrogenases from the hyperthermophilic bacterium aquifex. Pdf immobilization of the hyperthermophilic hydrogenase.
A cellular function for the three hydrogenases has been proposed. Hydrogen metabolism in the hyperthermophilic bacterium aquifex. Here we present the wholegenome metabolic network of this organism and examine in detail the driving forces that have shaped it. In order to enhance the enzyme stability and the catalytic efficiency, we investigated the hydrogen oxidation process with hydrogenase i embedded in a. Purification of the hydrogenasesulfurreducing complexthe supernatant. The elusive third subunit iia of the bacterial btype.531 506 1226 674 1006 1101 284 241 1031 968 357 751 951 188 720 368 1238 370 1093 122 1283 313 272 96 479 881 146 1016 980 1091 944